Denan is the birthplace of The Denan Project. Denan is located in the Ogaden region of remote southeastern Ethiopia and is home to a camp for refugees and internally displaced persons. It is located not far from the border of Somalia and about 40 miles from Gode, the nearest town with electricity. The Ogaden is populated mostly by ethnic Somalis and has been devastated by drought, famine, and an armed separatist movement. Temperatures soar daily to well over 110° Fahrenheit creating some of the most unbearable living conditions in all of Africa.
Medical Projects in Denan
When it first opened in 2004, The Denan Project’s small clinic had a doctor and three volunteers. Since then, hard work by our volunteers, generous gifts from donors, and a bit of good luck have turned the clinic into a 31-room hospital, fully staffed with an exceptionally dedicated team of nearly 40 people who run the hospital and its related operations, including a pharmacy, ultrasound equipment, and a laboratory capable of carrying out a battery of sophisticated tests.
Over the past few years, we have been able to buy an ambulance to pick patients up from outlying areas or to take desperately sick people to a larger hospital 40 miles away. We have programs in vaccination, prenatal and well baby care, polio eradication, supplemental and emergency feeding, and inpatient and outpatient T.B. treatment. We also support a program to eradicate female genital mutilation. In 2015, our clinic was chosen by the Federal Ministry of Health and the Health Bureau of the Somali Regional State as the site for the creation of a 10-room operating theater complex. When completed, this will allow us to offer a wider range of services to our patients, and will eliminate the need to take patients to a larger hospital for more complicated procedures.
Addressing the needs of the community, we also run many programs to promote overall health, including education courses on sanitation, HIV/AIDS, breast feeding, waterborne diseases, the importance of giving birth in a hospital rather than at home, the proper use of medicines, and anti-malaria measures. As of June 2017, the Denan Hospital has treated more than 265,000 people for a wide range of illnesses and injuries. The care is all for free, and has saved many lives.
June 29, 2015 – Denan Project Receives Notification from Ethiopian National and State Governments with New Operating Theater for the Project’s Successful Medical Facility. For more, download this PDF Denan Project Ethiopia release 6.29.15
Water Projects in Denan
Drought is a recurring problem in the Ogaden region. There are two “rainy seasons” each year, one from late September through late November, the other from April through mid-June. Unfortunately, the rains frequently do not come when they are supposed to, and often do not come at all.
To help alleviate the effects of drought, and to enable people to stay in their own homes rather than being obliged to move to a faraway camp for internally displaced persons, The Denan Project built reservoirs in five surrounding villages and purchased a water tanker truck capable of holding 20,000 liters to service those reservoirs. During the drought seasons of 2008, 2011, 2016, and 2017, more than 30,000 people each year relied on our tanker to deliver potable water to their villages. The tanker has become an indispensable resource, often serving as the only source of potable water for the area during the worst of the dry seasons and times of drought.
Food & Agriculture Projects in Denan
Plumpy’Nut Food Supplement Program
There is a high degree of malnutrition and anemia in the Denan region, particularly among children and women. We have provided tens of thousands of supplemental meals of Plumpy’Nut to combat this problem. Often referred to as a “miracle food”, Plumpy’Nut is formulated for African tastes with a peanut base and is fortified with milk, minerals, and vitamins. Each packet contains 500 calories; the “miracle food’s” effect on nutritional health is almost immediate.
Tractor and Plowing Implements
In 2008, The Denan Project bought a tractor and plowing implements to use in the greater Denan area. We sent a local driver and assistant to the capital, Addis Ababa, to receive training in the tractor’s operation and maintenance. Prior to this, even though the people had animals, all plowing was done by hand.
Five representative villagers from Denan and each of the surrounding villages were sent in 2007 to the district capital of Gode to receive five days of training in new agricultural techniques and in the use of new, drought-resistant seeds. With the training and the use of the tractor, crop yield has almost doubled on a per-plot basis.
Education Projects in Denan
Upgrading the Elementary School
Previously, the primary school in Denan was below government standards for education. Classroom sizes sometimes exceeded 80 or 90 children. Most students had no books, desks, or curriculum. Some of the teachers teaching the 5th grade had the equivalent of only an 8th-grade education.
To help alleviate the problem of large classes, The Denan Project hired two new, qualified elementary-school teachers at the additional cost of $350 each per month. We also paid travel and tuition for 10 teachers to receive updated training at the Ministry of Education, more than 435 miles (700 kilometers) away.
In years past, kids who finished the 8th grade had no way to further their schooling. In 2012, thanks in part to our efforts, a new high school was formed in Denan for the first time.
This is just a beginning. Without education, nothing will change. The children are Denan’s hope for the future. Here is a look at The Denan Project’s education goals:
- Hire qualified primary and high school teachers every year, at a cost of $4,200 per year for each teacher.
- Raise enough money to buy desks and necessary school equipment for each student in the primary and high schools.
- Provide one hot meal a day for all students.
- Provide financial assistance to send the most promising, needy high school graduates on to college.
Program Combating Female Genital Mutilation
Female genital mutilation was commonly practiced in the Denan area on young girls, usually around the age of nine. Local women who were not trained in any medical procedures carried out the practice with no anesthetic, under unsanitary conditions, using razor blades or scissors. The young girls were often stitched up with thorns, and complications frequently resulted. We support a program to put a halt to this custom. Medical personnel as well as local religious figures are used to point out that it is a cultural rather than religious practice that has evolved over time and that it is dangerous to the young girls’ health. Just as many men as women have attended the classes, and the result has been a reduction of almost 80% in this practice in the greater Denan area. Today, when the Elders hear of those committing this practice, they chase the offenders into the bush.
Economic Development in Denan
Over the past five years, we have given 28 micro-loans to groups – and every single one has been repaid in full, either on time or early. Most of the loans have been given for shoat-raising (sheep and goat) projects, in which the animals are purchased at a young age, fattened up, and sold for a profit. Some of the groups have even started giving loans to individual members of their own group. To give you an idea of the difference the micro-loans have made in Denan, one group just started its second successful loan by importing perfumes and cosmetics for sale to the local populace. A new hotel is also being built in Denan, and it has its first taxi service. The market has been refurbished and expanded, and most of the homes now have tin roofs rather than thatch, as when we first arrived.
Our Partners in Denan
Organization for Welfare and Development in Action (OWDA)
OWDA is an Ethiopian registered NGO working to improve the lives of the people of the Ogaden region in the Somali Regional State in southeastern Ethiopia. On the ground in Denan, our partner OWDA manages the operation of the hospital and all our other projects, including procurement of supplies, management of local staff, and communications between the local communities and Denan Project board members. OWDA’s Chairman of the Board, Mukhtar Shek Omer, and Project Manager, Mohamed Abdulkadir, are the key contacts for all our activities in Denan.
Nonnewaug High School in Woodbury, Connecticut, USA
Early supporters of The Denan Project were the students, faculty, and staff of our local Nonnewaug High School in Woodbury, Connecticut. A contest sponsored by The Denan Project involving art students at the school created our organization’s logo, an integral part of our identity that we use in all our projects around the world. Since 2004, activities at the school, including concerts, silent auctions, tag sales, bake sales, and student “garage band” competitions, have raised more than $16,000 for The Denan Project. A student representative, chosen by the faculty, serves as a non-voting member of the Board of Directors of the Project. The representative attends Board meetings; reports to the Board on student-led initiatives; and liaisons with The Denan Project volunteers assigned to work with the school.
Local Government Agencies
There are many national, regional, and district government agencies that The Denan Project has worked with over the past several years who have been instrumental in our success, including:
- The Ethiopian Ambassador to the United Nations
- The Ethiopian Minister of Culture and Tourism
- The Director of the Ministry of Agriculture
- The President of The Somali Regional State
- The Director of the Health Bureau, Somali Regional State
- The Director of the Water Bureau, Somali Regional State
- The District Administrator of the Denan District, Somali Regional State
- The Ethiopian Ministry of Health
The Denan Committee of Elders
While there is a local administration appointed by the government, the real power belongs to The Elders, a group of the most respected people in the community. The Denan Project works hand in hand with The Elders, always asking their opinion and advice before undertaking a project. They tell us that we are the first people who ever asked them what they need rather than telling them what they need. They have also told us that in the past many people came and promised them all kinds of things – but that The Denan Project and our partner OWDA are the only ones who have always kept their promises. Our partnership with The Elders has been crucial to our long-running success in Denan.
Facts & Figures
Free, quality medical care provided to more than 265,000 people from 2004 through June 2017
Our center named the Outstanding Medical Facility in the Somali Regional State in 2012
During each of the dry seasons more than 30,000 people depend on our water tanker as their only source of potable water
28 micro-loans have been awarded and every one has been repaid in full, either on time or early
Emergency food relief sent in for 10,000 starving people during drought of 2015-2016 and for 13,500 people during the drought of 2017